In the fall time, it is recommended that beef cows be examined for pregnancy. This is an effective tool to help determine which cows to keep and which ones to sell before the expensive winter feeding season. In addition, identification of open cows through pregnancy testing can allow for detection of potential herd diseases that cause early abortion or infertility. By detecting these issues early, measures can be taken to alleviate problems for future breedings. The Tri-Municipal Veterinary Clinic recommends pregnancy checks by palpation four to five months after turning out bulls for breeding.